Traditional European Nasal and Chewing Tobaccos
Smokeless tobacco products can be divided into those for nasal use and those for oral use. Products for nasal use are products for sniffing that can be subdivided into three types: European snuff (fermented or unfermented), German snuff (or ‘Schmalzer’, which is fermented) and traditional powdered tobacco (fermented or unfermented).
Smokeless tobacco for oral use can be subdivided into products for sucking and products for chewing. European products for sucking include Swedish snus (unfermented, pasteurized), while those for chewing include ‘roll’ and ‘twist’ tobacco, which are typical in Europe. Another form of loose chewing tobacco, Makla, is popular in Europe within the traditional communities of North African descent.